Requirement of Success Ranking for Law Schools Increased to 100 Thousand Starting from 2022
February 16, 2021
The demands of Turkish youth at higher education age for law education are increasing. Access to higher education is essential within the framework of the principles of social justice and equal opportunity. It applies to all fields of education. While the possibilities and options to reach higher education, "law education" in this context, increases, the main goal is not to decrease the quality in education, on the contrary, to increase it.
- There are 84 law schools in our country, 47 of which are at public universities and 37 are at foundation universities
Although some of them are not given any student quotas, there are currently 84 law schools, 47 of which are at state universities and 37 are at foundation universities.
- We continue to carry out the measures we have taken regarding the minimum qualifications for law schools
As the New CoHE, we are extremely careful about the minimum qualifications to prevent any problems in the programs at law schools. To this end, we have taken a series of measures for law schools at public and foundation universities in Turkey. We will continue to take more measures.
The first measure we have taken is "the minimum number of faculty members"
It is required for law schools at state and foundation universities to have at least eight faculty members and three research assistants in six departments to start education. No student quotas have been allocated to some of the newly-established law schools.
Departments were established to train academic staff in these law schools, and the academic staff assigned to these departments were assigned to the law schools with the most competent academic staff in the country to complete their graduate studies. There are 1,901 research assistants -1,013 women and 888 men- including the research assistants for "priority fields" that are accepted to be trained in these law schools for the newly-established schools.
In order not to cause public nuisance, deans were not appointed, and administrative staff and buildings were not allocated to the law schools where we did not allocate student quotas but trained research assistants. The dean’s offices in these schools are operated by rectors (under their responsibility) or a faculty member appointed by proxy to follow the procedures of research assistants sent to other universities for doctoral studies. The information that deans who are not “law graduates” are appointed as deans in some of the law schools is based on the practice related to these schools.
The second measure is “Law Practice Exam”, which we have been voicing for years and is finally established on a legal basis.
With the article entitled "Entrance Exam for Legal Professions and Preliminary Examination for Administrative Justice", which was added to the Higher Education Law numbered 2547, it is required to fulfill the conditions stipulated in the laws of these professions and successfully pass these exams in order to start the law or notary internship and to take the exams for judicial and administrative judges. We also want to say we believe that the exams should not be limited to "law" and that it would be appropriate to expand their scope.
The third measure is the requirement of success ranking in the related score type.
The success ranking of our students in YKS is decisive for their placements in law schools at state and foundation universities. This requirement was implemented as 190 thousand in the 2018-2019 academic year and as 125 thousand in the 2019-2020 academic year for the placements in law schools.
- In consideration of the request of the Ministry of Justice, it was increased to 100 thousand as of 2022-YKS
As the New CoHE, we attach importance to the increase in the minimum success ranking for law schools that are in cooperation with the Ministry of Justice. Considering the request of the Ministry of Justice stated in its letter dated September 23, 2020, the requirement of success ranking for the placements to law schools was increased from 125,000 to 100,000 starting from the student placements for the 2021-2022 academic year with the decision of the General Assembly of the Council of Higher Education dated February 11, 2021.
We would like to emphasize a few points. 15,721 students were placed in 2019, when the minimum success ranking was accepted as 190,000, and 15,070 students were placed in 2020, when the minimum success ranking was increased to 125,000 to the quotas allocated for law schools as a result of "rational and scientific planning" (In other words, it was observed that the requirement of success ranking, which was introduced to the Turkish higher education system by the New CoHE, made a quality-focused contribution to the quota planning in itself).
As a result of the 2020-YKS, the success ranking of the candidate who was placed with the lowest score in a law school at a state university is 33,813 and the success ranking of the candidate who was placed with the lowest score in a law school at a foundation university is 125,000. These figures also indicate the importance of increasing the requirement of success ranking.
- As CoHE, we attach special importance to gradual changes in decision processes
On the other hand, as the New CoHE, we attach special importance to gradual changes in decision-making processes. In this scope, it is essential to maintain the expectations of the candidates, who are preparing for university exams, and their families, and their trust in the administration, and to allow foundation universities to take the necessary measures and to make their quota planning within the framework of realistic and more rational principles. For this reason, it has been decided to increase the success ranking required for admission to law schools to 100,000 but to have this change to be implemented starting from the YKS exam to be held in 2022.