CoHE President Saraç talked about the new examination system on CNN TURK
Why was a new examination system introduced?
We carried out an impact analysis on the current system and listed the outcomes we have obtained through this analysis. The most important challenges and disadvantages in the current system were as follows: The exam was extended over four months and was carried out after three weeks. It was realized in six different sessions and students were placed based on 18 different score types. Even though the exam was supposed to measure knowledge, skills and competence, it only measured the knowledge of students. The system made students to prepare for the exam through extracurricular methods and use rote learning.
What is new in the new examination system?
According to the short-, medium- and long-term social and economic targets, Turkey is in need of human resources and human capital the most. In this context, we introduced a new evaluation system which is based on the qualifications that Turkish students should have, rather than knowledge, taking into consideration the developments in the education systems in the world and the developments in higher education systems in particular.
The Basic Proficiency Test (TYT) will be conducted in the morning. It will measure and evaluate the knowledge, skills and competence that Turkish students should have in verbal and quantitative fields.
TYT will evaluate the competence in Turkish reading comprehension as well as the use of mathematical thinking and concepts while solving everyday problems.
The questions in the Turkish test will be based on verbal competence. This test will measure the skills required for using the Turkish language correctly, reading comprehension and interpretation, vocabulary knowledge, conceptualization, basic sentence patterns and orthography in relation to other social sciences courses.
The questions in the basic mathematics test will be based on quantitative competence. This test will measure the skills required for using the concepts of basic mathematics and science, performing operations by using these concepts, performing abstract operations by using basic mathematical relations and implementing basic mathematical principles and operations in everyday life in relation to other science courses.
To be more precise, for instance, we will evaluate the use of the Turkish language through texts related to geography, history, religion, philosophy or biology in the Turkish test. Similarly, we will evaluate the basic mathematics skills of students based on quantitative competence in physics, chemistry or geography in the basic mathematics test.
Therefore, only one TYT score will be calculated and students will be placed in all programs in vocational schools using this score.
Students who would like to be placed in undergraduate programs will take the exam that will be conducted in the afternoon. The score types that will be used for placing students in undergraduate programs are verbal, quantitative and equally-weighted scores.
There has been no changes in the quality of the questions of the second session. The score types were also simplified.
In addition, all exams will be carried out in one weekend.
This is what is meant with the new examination system being a more scientific, contemporary, simple, lucid and manageable system.